Court Green was founded in 2004 by Arielle Greenberg, Tony Trigilio, and David Trinidad. Issues 1-12 of the print magazine were published in association with Columbia College Chicago from 2004-2015. The magazine was edited by Columbia faculty, and its editorial board changed over the course of its twelve-issue print run: Arielle left; Lisa Fishman joined for two issues as an Editor and two as a Contributing Editor; and CM Burroughs was an Editor for issues 11 and 12. David stepped away for Issue 12, but he still maintained a significant presence, encouraging some of that issue's poets to submit work.
Beginning with Issue 13, published in 2017, Court Green began its second life as an independent online journal edited by Trigilio and Trinidad.
The magazine is named after Court Green, the property in Devon, England, where Sylvia Plath lived and where she wrote her most famous work—the Ariel poems. Court Green, the magazine, is, like Court Green the property in England, a space where all kinds of poems are welcome, especially those you can't always find elsewhere: long poems, fun poems, pop poems, poems from archives and unpublished notebooks, playful poems, taboo poems, and artifacts we call "poems" even when they defy all our efforts to label them.